Strategic Engagement for Gender Equality 2016-2019
Toplumsal cinsiyet eşitliği
Siyasete ve karar alma süreçlerine katılım, Kadınlar
Political participation and decision-making processes, Women
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Promoting gender equality is a core activity for the EU: equality between women and men is a fundamental EU value1, an EU objective2 and a driver for economic growth3. The Union shall aim to promote equality between men and women in all its activities4. The Commission’s 2010-2015 strategy for equality between women and men5 prioritised five key areas for action: ‣ equal economic independence for women and men; ‣ equal pay for work of equal value; ‣ equality in decision-making; ‣ dignity, integrity and ending gender-based violence; and ‣ promoting gender equality beyond the EU. Progress has been achieved in recent years6, as witnessed, for example, by the highest employment rate ever recorded for women (64 % in 2014) and their increasing participation in economic decision-making. However, this upward trend is offset by persistent inequality in other areas, e.g. in terms of pay and earnings. All five key areas identified in 2010 remain valid today. Action over the past five years to address gender inequalities needs more time to secure the necessary changes and support in the form of new measures in these areas. At the same time, recent socio-economic changes resulting from the economic crisis, the rapid spread of digital technology and immigration and integration impact on gender equality. Therefore, as set out in its 2016 work programme7, the Commission will continue its practical work to promote gender equality. Action will continue with a focus on all the five priority areas. Efforts are required of all actors if we are to achieve real equality between women and men in all spheres of life within the EU and elsewhere. This “Strategic engagement for gender equality 2016-2019” is a reference framework for increased effort at all levels, be they European, national, regional or local. It continues to corroborate the 2011-2020 European Pact for gender equality8. Member States, the European Parliament and a wide range of stakeholders have all contributed, including through a public consultation which attracted almost 5 000 replies. An overwhelming majority (94 %) of the organisations that replied consider the priorities laid out in the current strategy still to be valid for future engagement. This view is confirmed by Member States, who also recognise the importance of European-level action in providing a reference framework9. More and more Member States are addressing gender equality challenges through national strategies or action plans for equality between women and men (see Annex 5). These vary in focus and ambition, but all (see Annex 6) cover policies on gender-based violence and gender equality in the labour market. Education and training, gender stereotypes and the reconciliation of work and family life are also covered extensively; decision-making is the area addressed least.