Dashboard 3: Women’s empowerment Technical note
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Dashboard 3: Women’s empowerment, contains 13 woman-specific empowerment indicators that allow empowerment to be compared across three dimensions: reproductive health and family planning, violence against girls and women, and socioeconomic empowerment. The four indicators on reproductive health and family planning are coverage of at least one antenatal care visit, proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel, contraceptive prevalence (any method) and unmet need for family planning. The four indicators on violence against girls and women are women married by age 18, prevalence of female genital mutilation/cutting among girls and women, violence against women ever experienced from an intimate partner and violence against women ever experienced from a nonintimate partner. The five indicators on socioeconomic empowerment are female share of graduates in science, technology, engineering and mathematics programmes at tertiary level; share of graduates from science, technology, engineering and mathematics programmes in tertiary education who are female; female share of employment in senior and middle management; women with account at financial institution or with mobile money-service provider; and mandatory paid maternity leave. Most countries have at least one indicator in each tercile, which implies that women’s empowerment is unequal across indicators and across countries.